Cara membuat Question Words (kata tanya)







Rumus : Qusetion Word + auxiliary + S

 
 


1.      Question word yang menanyakan Subject Orang /Benda tidak usah mendatangkan auxiliary setelahnya dalam Simple present dan Past tense maka. Tapi dalam Simple present langsung kata kerja (VI) ditambah S/ES. dan dalam  Past tense langsung kata kerja (VII) seperti rumus di bawah ini. Bila selain dua tenses dia atas tetap mendatangkan auxiliary.
2.      Question word yang menanyakan selain subjek harus mendatanga auxiliary
3.      QW yang menanyakan pekerjaan / predikat maka kata kerjanya diganti kata kerja yang umum yaitu do, does, did,  doing, atau done.

  1. Who: Siapa (Untuk Menanyakan “Subject” Orang.)
Who + VI +s/es+O        : Simple present
Who +VII+ O                : Past tense 
Who loves me?
Who loved me?
  1. What: Apa (Untuk Menanyakan “Subject” Benda)
What + VI+s/es +O        : Simple present
What +VII+ O               : Past tense
What eats mouse?
What ate mouse?
  1. What:apa (Untuk menanyakan “Predikat”)
What +Aux +S + Do
What do you do?
  1. What:apa (Untk menanyakan “Object” Benda)
What +Aux +S +V
What does a cow eat?
  1. Whom:Siapa (Untuk Menanyakan “Object” orang.)
Who + Aux+ S +V
Whom do you love?
  1. Where: Dimana (Untuk menanyakan tempat)
Where + aux + V + O
Where do you meet mila
7. When: kapan (Untuk menanyakan waktu)
                  When + aux +V + O
                  When do you learn English?
  1. What for:Untuk apa ( Untuk menanyakan tujuan.)
What for +aux +S+V+O
What for will Syarmila go to market tomorrow?
  1. Why : Mengapa (Untuk menanyakan alasan )
Why + aux + S +V+ O
Why do they kill Tono?
  1.  To whom: pada siapa
To whom +aux +S + V + O
To whom did they buy a book?
  1. With whom :Dengan siapa
Which whom +aux + S + V + O
Which whom do you visit Mila?
  1. Whose : milik siapa
Whose + is + it
Whose book is it?
  1. How much /what is the price of : Berapa harganya
How much + aux +S +V +O
What is the price of +noun
How much did she buy a book?
What is the price of this car?
  1. How often /How many times: Berapa kali
How often + aux +S +V + O
How many times +aux +S +O
How often do you take an English course?
How many times do you take bath everyday?
  1. How long : Berapa lama
How long + aux +S + O
How long do you stay here?
  1. How : Bagaimana / dengan apa
                  How + aux + S + O
                  How does Ahmad come here?

  1. What kind of : Jenis apa
What kind of + noun + aux + S + O
                  What kind of book will you read tomorrow?    
  1. What time : jam berapa
What time + aux + S + V + O
What time did she visit you yesterday?
  1. Which one of : yang mana
                  Which one of +as object + aux + V +O
                  Which one of you will follow me?
  1. How many : berapa banyak (Countable noun)
How many + noun + aux + S + V
How many pens will you buy tomorrow?
  1. How much : Berapa banyak ( Uncountable Noun)
How much + noun + aux + S + V
How much water will  you drink tomorrow?
  1. How long : berapa panjang
How long + aux + S + V + O
How long will you cut the tree?
  1. How deep : berapa dalam
How deep did you dig the well?
      24. How fast: Berapa cepatnya
                  How fast + aux + S + V
                  How fast are you running now?
25. How quickly: berapa kecepatannya
                  How quickly + aux + S +V
                  How quickly is the plant growing?
26. How high: berapa tingginya
                  How high +aux + S + V + O
                  How high have you measured the coconut tree?
27. How tall: Berapa tingginya
                  Who tall + aux +S +V + O
                  How tall did you measure Mr. jhon?
28. How far : berapa jauhnya
                  How far + aux + S + V
                  How far do you run?
29. How old: berapa umurnya
                  How old +aux + S
                  How old are you?
30. How wide; berapa lebar
                  How wide + aux +noun
                  How wide is this room?
31. How heavy: berapa beratnya
                  How heavy + aux +S
                  How heavy are you?
32. How to: bagaimana untuk
                  How to + V + O
                  How to speak English well?
33. How come =why: mengapa
                  How come =why + aux +S +V
                  How come will you study English?
34. What else: apa lagi
                  What else +aux +S +V
                  What else did you take?
35. What about: bagaimana dengann
                  What a bout + S
                  What about her?
36. Any one of you: adakah di antara kamu
                  Any one of you + aux +S + V
                  Any one of you will follow me?
37. Up to when: Sampai kapan
                  Up to when + aux + S + V + O
                  Up to when will you study English?
38. Since when: Sejak kapan
                  Since when + aux + S + V + O
                  Since when did she love him?